PROSECUTION HISTORY ESTOPPEL (FILE-WRAPPER ESTOPPEL)

Author : Att. Önder Özden [1] In this Article, we mainly aim to focus on the term so-called “Prosecution History Estoppel” basically for purposes of clarifying its significant role to be exploited as a defense tool against patent infringement claims specifically based on “doctrine of equivalents”. The rationale of this term has been incorporated in Turkish...
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WHICH ONE IS BETTER? OPEN/CLOSED OR HYBRID INNOVATION MODEL

Author : Att. Önder Özden* As the competition and information technology throughout the world increases vigorously and exponentially, many companies have been trying to innovate in products, services and business models in search of a competitive edge. Globalization is already a reality and carries at its core the principle of competitiveness among companies and maximum...
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OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE: COPYRIGHT IN COPYLEFT

Author : Att. Önder Özden* In the context of this article we aim to define open source software versus to proprietary software and clarify two of the most encountered misconceptions with respect to open source software i.e. its pecuniary qualification and whether or not the term is fallen within the scope of copyright regime. Proprietary...
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WHAT IS INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY?

What Does Intellectual Property Rights Mean? Human beings are the only living species in this world who can create technology and are distinquished from other living species by the sophistication of their intelligence. The products created by human beings are not only consisted of the products created physically but also include products arising out of...
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WHAT IS WORK?

Which Law in Our Country Protects Intellectual Rights of Right Holders Over the Works? Works are protected within the scope of the provisions of the Law on Literary and Artistic Works no. 5846 (“FSEK”) in our country. In addition, the works are also under protection through “The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works”,...
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STANDARD ESSENTIAL PATENTS FRAND AND PATENT HOLD-UPS

Author : Att. Önder Özden[1] Standardisation is the voluntary process of developing technical specifications on a specific innovative technology based on consensus among the stakeholders. Standard setting takes place in the European and International Standardisation Organizations (ETSI, CEN, CENELEC, ITU, ISO, IEC) but also in other organizations and fora or consortia on national, European or...
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AI SYSTEMS: PROPRIETORS OF AI GENERATED CREATIONS?

Author : Att. Önder Özden* Artificial Intelligence (“AI”) is a field of computer science that includes machine learning, natural language processing, speech processing, expert systems, robotics and machine vision. The term AI was popularized by John McCarthy and Marvin Lee Minsky, organizers of the 1956 Dartmouth Conference that made AI a field of research in...
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